Patanjali held guilty of not passing on GST rate cut to consumers


Patanjali Ayurved had denied consumers the benefit of a reduction in GST rates, the National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) has asked the firm to deposit the profiteered amount of ₹75.08 crore in the Consumer Welfare Fund (CWF).


The FMCG firm allegedly did not pass on the benefit of a GST rate reduction that came into effect in November 2017, and also hiked the base price. Anti-profiteering provisions are applied if the benefit of a tax cut on any supply of goods or services, or the benefit of input tax credit, is not passed on to the recipient by way of a price cut. An application to invoke the provisions can be made by an interested party or a Commissioner or any other person.


The NAA said Patanjali did not fix the new MRPs on the impacted SKUs (stock keeping units) and, instead, shifted the responsibility to its distributors and retailers, who continued to sell the products at the old rates. The respondent had violated the provisions of Section 171 (1) of the CGST Act, it said. Section 171 does not allow the respondent to suo moto decide on any other modality to pass on the benefit of a tax rate cut.


Therefore, any benefit of tax rate reduction passed on to a particular recipient or customer cannot be appropriated or adjusted against the benefit of tax rate reduction due to another recipient or customer, observed the NAA. Hence, ‘netting off’ cannot be applied in the present case as the customers have to be considered as individual beneficiaries, and cannot be compared with dumped goods and netted off, it added.